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Numbering the 70 weeks of the prophet Daniel

How to number the 70 weeks of Daniel

There is only one person in all of history who could fulfill all of these things. So this prophecy concerns the coming of Jesus the Messiah. Some are very upset about this prophecy. It is not that they do not understand this prophecy. They do understand it and try to keep it secret! The Rabbis have even given a curse to anyone who numbers the days given by Daniel for fear they would find out who the real Messiah was! I do not have any fear of their curses so we will number them because we want to be correct about whom it is.

The Rabbinic Curse
"May the bones of the hands and the bones of the fingers decay and decompose, of him who turns the pages of the book of Daniel, to find out the time of Daniel 9:24-27, and may his memory rot from off the face of the Earth forever!"
Source: Talmudic Law p.978, Section 2, Line 28

First we need to remember where prophecy is concerned. 1 day = 1 year.

Ezekiel 4:6
"I have appointed thee each day for a year."

Let us begin!

Daniel 8:14
"And he said unto me, Unto two thousand and three hundred days; then shall the sanctuary be cleansed."

So here is a large panorama of time in this vision Daniel is given but he does not understand it. However he is told that he does not need to understand it as it applies to the distant future and it will be revealed later.

Daniel 8:17
"So he came near where I stood: and when he came, I was afraid, and fell upon my face: but he said unto me, Understand, O son of man: for at the time of the end shall be the vision."

Daniel was very concerned about some of the things he had seen so the Angel Gabriel gives him some more information concerning these things.

Daniel 9:21, 22
21 "Yea, whiles I was speaking in prayer, even the man Gabriel, whom I had seen in the vision at the beginning, being caused to fly swiftly, touched me about the time of the evening oblation."
22 "And he informed me, and talked with me, and said, O Daniel, I am now come forth to give thee skill and understanding."

Now we see what new information Gabriel gives Daniel and it concerns a 70 week period. Which when it concerns prophecy remember would be 70 weeks of years or 70 x 7 because there are 7 days in a week. So we calculate 70 x 7 = 490 years. The angel Gabriel tells Daniel some important information that will occur at a 490 year period.

Daniel 9:24
"Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy."

How do you mark out 70 weeks? You would have to do so from a larger period of time. The 2300 prophecy is what the angel is referring to here. He is about to illustrate a period of time "cut out" of a longer period of time that is "marked" specifically for the people of Israel.

70 Weeks X 7 Days = 490 Days = 490 prophetic years.
Let us list from this verse the things that will happen at the end of this 490 year period.

1 Daniel 9:24 Would come upon thy people
2 Daniel 9:24 Would come upon thy Holy City
3 Daniel 9:24 Would make a finish to the transgression
4 Daniel 9:24 Would make an end of sins
5 Daniel 9:24 Would make reconciliation for iniquity
6 Daniel 9:24 Would bring in everlasting righteousness
7 Daniel 9:24 They would anoint the most Holy

Daniel 9:25
"Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks: the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times."

Let us break this apart and analyze this verse to get an explanation of the times and events that would take place here.

1 "Know therefore and understand" This command tells us we should understand what is said next.
2 "that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem" The beginning point of this time period can be found in Ezra 7:8, 11, 13, and 20. "...in the seventh year of the king. ...this is the copy of the letter that the king Artaxerxes gave unto Ezra the priest, the scribe... I make a decree, that all they of the people of Israel, and of his priests and Levites, in my realm, which are minded of their own freewill to go up to Jerusalem, go with thee. And whatsoever more shall be needful for the house of thy God, which thou shalt have occasion to bestow, bestow it out of the king's treasure house." In the seventh year of king Artaxerxes' reign, he made a decree unto the people of Israel to go forth and rebuild the temple. The seventh year of this king was in fact 457BC.
3 "unto the Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks" 7 Weeks x 7 Days = 49 Days = 49 Years. This time period covers those years of rebuilding even in troublous times. All of this is fulfilled by the time he gets there.
4 "and threescore and two weeks:the street shall be built again, and the wall " 6o Weeks + 2 Weeks = 62 Weeks x 7 Days = 434 Years.

Again let us break this down further to make it easier to look at.

1 Starting point of the 70 weeks = King Artaxerxes decree in 457BC
2 7 weeks later (49 Days = 49 Years.) The Restoration of Jerusalem is finished. The year is 408BC because (-457 + 49 = -408)
3 62 weeks later (434 years in reality. 62 x 7 = 434) Jesus Christ arrives as Messiah in the exact year 27AD (-408 + 434 = 27). Jesus was baptized in that very year of 27AD.

We must deal here with some historical time errors.

Luke 3:21,23
21 Now when all the people were baptized, it came to pass, that Jesus also being baptized, and praying, the heaven was opened,
22 And the Holy Ghost descended in a bodily shape like a dove upon him, and a voice came from heaven, which said, Thou art my beloved Son; in thee I am well pleased.
23 And Jesus himself began to be about thirty years of age, being (as was supposed) the son of Joseph, which was the son of Heli,

Why is it the Bible says this occurred in 27AD, and it also states Jesus was about 30 years of age when it happened? When the calendar time of this occurrence was first calculated there was an error of 4 years made as many of us today are now aware. It is obvious that Christ could not have been born in 1AD because that would not make Him to be "about 30 years of age". Besides this Herod was still alive when Christ was born as he did all he could to kill Jesus at that time. However history records Herod's death to be in 4BC.

After this historical error was realized, historic fact became even clearer. Jesus was truly born in 4BC, and then baptized in 27AD at the age of 30. Since there is no such thing as a "zero year" because you must have a year pass before you can count it a year. Now we have the following accurate formula to bring about the correct year of the baptism of Christ.

1 Herod's Death and Jesus born 4AD + 30 years of age + 1 (Zero year)
2 Formula: = -4 + 30 + 1 = 27AD

Jesus did in fact step into the river Jordan in the exact year the vision Daniel had prophesied! Jesus even proved this confirmation when He declared that the time was "fulfilled" after He was baptized.

Mark 1:9,14,15
"And it came to pass in those days, that Jesus came from Nazareth of Galilee, and was baptized of John in Jordan. Now after that John was put in prison, Jesus came into Galilee, preaching the gospel of the kingdom of God, And saying, The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is at hand: repent ye, and believe the gospel."

Jesus understood Bible prophecy very well because he wrote it! He knew that the autumn of the year 27AD was a fulfillment of the prophecy of Daniel.

Daniel 9:25-27
25 Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks: the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times.
26 And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined.
27 And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.

The Hebrew word used here is חָתַךְ . It means to "Cut off".
Strongs concordance: Herod's Death and Jesus born 4AD + 30 years of age + 1 (Zero year)
Hebrew Word: חָתַךְ
Transliteration: châthak, khaw-thak´
Definition: To cut off means to decree or determine.

The first part of each verse speak of Messiah and His works, the second part Of each verse speaks of the end results for Jerusalem and its people.
FIRST PART DANIEL 9: SECOND PART
Seven weeks and 62 weeks until Messiah
"Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks:"
Verse 25 How Jerusalem will be rebuilt
"the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times."
Messiah to be Killed
"And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself:"
Verse 26 Jerusalem and the Sanctuary will be destroyed
"and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary;"
The covenant and the sacrifice of Messiah
"And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease,"
Verse 27 The abomination of desolation in Jerusalem
"and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate,"

Let us get back to the 70 weeks of Daniel 9:24. Here we see that in the middle of the 70th week something is to occur. Prophecy is stating that the Messiah shall be killed or "cut off."

It also states that when this occurs, it will,"cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease."

The middle of the week means 3.5 years. (7 years divided by 2) By adding 3.5 years to the autumn of 27AD, we come to the spring of 31AD. So what happened in the spring of 31AD? He died on the Cross.

The temple veil ripped from top to bottom therefore signifying that the "lamb sacrifice" for sins of the nation of Israel was at an end! So the "oblation ceased!"

Matthew 27:50-51
"Jesus, when he had cried again with a loud voice, yielded up the ghost. And, behold, the veil of the temple was rent in twain from the top to the bottom; and the earth did quake, and the rocks rent;"

Exactly 3.5 years after Jesus stepped into the river Jordan the Messiah was cut off but: "but not for himself". So not for any sins He had committed. He died for those that had sins and needed to have their sins "atoned" for by bringing a lamb for sacrifice. In the exact year of 31AD this occurred and he was crucified.

There is also another way to tell when the Messiah was "cut off" 3.5 years after He begins His ministry. When can count the Passovers from when he began.

Luke 3:23
"Jesus himself began to be about thirty years of age, being (as was supposed) the son of Joseph, which was [the son] of Heli,"

Luke tells us when Jesus "began" His ministry, now all one needs to do is count the amount of Passovers that follow from this verse until Jesus is "cut off" or "crucified" and you will see 3.5 that years have passed by.

PASSOVER #1 PASSOVER #2 PASSOVER #3
John 2:13,23
"And the Jews' Passover was at hand, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem, Now when he was in Jerusalem at the Passover, in the feast day, many believed in his name, when they saw the miracles which he did."
John 6:3-4
"And Jesus went up into a mountain, and there he sat with his disciples. And the Passover, a feast of the Jews, was nigh."
John 13:1
"Now before the feast of the Passover, when Jesus knew that his hour was come that he should depart out of this world unto the Father, having loved his own which were in the world, he loved them unto the end."

So we can see this once again by counting Passovers from autumn of 27AD gives us the spring at the year of 31AD that this occurred and he was crucified.

Daniel 9:24
"Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy."

After the death and resurrection of Christ, which was to "make an end of sins", there is still another 3.5 years left in the prophesied 490 years allotted to the Jews to accept Jesus Christ as Messiah. What happens in this 3.5 year period we have left? Well we can read what the Apostles were doing during this 3.5 year period from Luke.

Luke 24:46, 47
46 And said unto them, Thus it is written, and thus it behoved Christ to suffer, and to rise from the dead the third day:
47 And that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in his name among all nations, beginning at Jerusalem.

So they preached only to the Jews beginning at Jerusalem and then among all the nations. So to finish off the week of Daniel, as well as finish the final years left of the 490 years of probation for the Jews, the Apostles were specifically targeting the Jewish nation in their Gospel preaching campaign. Daniel said that after this the Messiah would be "cut off" for sins that He did not commit and there would still be 3.5 years left for the Jews to hear the message of the Gospel. This is what Apostles were doing during these 3.5 years. They preached exclusively to the Jewish nation.
So when did the "week of Daniel" end? Is there a way to know? Yes! It occurred at the stoning of the Apostle Stephen.

Acts 7:51-59
51 Ye stiff-necked and uncircumcised in heart and ears, ye do always resist the Holy Ghost: as your fathers did, so do ye.
52 Which of the prophets have not your fathers persecuted? and they have slain them which shewed before of the coming of the Just One; of whom ye have been now the betrayers and murderers:
53 Who have received the law by the disposition of angels, and have not kept it.
54 When they heard these things, they were cut to the heart, and they gnashed on him with their teeth.
55 But he, being full of the Holy Ghost, looked up steadfastly into heaven, and saw the glory of God, and Jesus standing on the right hand of God,
56 And said, Behold, I see the heavens opened, and the Son of man standing on the right hand of God.
57 Then they cried out with a loud voice, and stopped their ears, and ran upon him with one accord,
58 And cast him out of the city, and stoned him: and the witnesses laid down their clothes at a young man's feet, whose name was Saul.
59 And they stoned Stephen, calling upon God, and saying, Lord Jesus, receive my spirit.

Did they believe Jesus was the Messiah? It seems clear there is only one person in all of history who could fulfill all of these things. So this prophecy clearly identifies Jesus as the Messiah spoken of by Daniel. We don't need to worry about any rabbinic curses for numbering the days!
In the autumn of the year 34AD, the Jewish people openly rejected the Gospel message. They made an open declaration of that rejection by the stoning of Stephen. This stoning of Stephen was wholly approved by the leaders of Israel. Stephan was the first Christian martyr killed by the hands of the Jewish nation itself. They had officially rejected Jesus as their Messiah. It is because of this that another prophecy was fulfilled given by the Prophet Hosea.

Hosea 2:23
"And I will sow her unto me in the earth; and I will have mercy upon her that had not obtained mercy; and I will say to them which were not my people, Thou art my people; and they shall say, Thou art my God."

The Gospel message was then taken to the entire world with the conversion of the Apostle Paul.

Acts 13:44-48
44 And the next Sabbath day came almost the whole city together to hear the word of God.
45 But when the Jews saw the multitudes, they were filled with envy, and spake against those things which were spoken by Paul, contradicting and blaspheming.
46 Then Paul and Barnabas waxed bold, and said, It was necessary that the word of God should first have been spoken to you: but seeing ye put it from you, and judge yourselves unworthy of everlasting life, lo, we turn to the Gentiles.
47 For so hath the Lord commanded us, saying, I have set thee to be a light of the Gentiles, that thou shouldest be for salvation unto the ends of the earth.
48 And when the Gentiles heard this, they were glad, and glorified the word of the Lord: and as many as were ordained to eternal life believed.

Some important things are said here. Notice how people are saved here. They are appointed by God to eternal life and then they believed. So God saved them they did not save themselves. Also Remember this part of Daniel about the destroying of the sanctuary, desolations and the sacrifice to cease.

Daniel 9:27
"And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate."


So what happened to Jerusalem after they rejected the Gospel message and the Messiah? Here is what happened to those who did not listen to the words of the Apostles or the Prophet Daniel!

"In A.D.66 when Cestius Gallus the Legate of Syria came against the city. He unaccountably withdrew and from this the Christians had discerned the sign foretold by Christ and Daniel. They fled the city while 1,100,000 Jews are said to have been killed in the terrible siege in A.D. 70."
Source: Eusebius, Church History book 3, chap. 5

We know later this was followed with the Romans (Vespasian and Titus) scattering the Jews across the nations of the world.

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