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Time, Times and Half a time explained

Time, Times, and Half a Time?
One of the most misunderstood and misinterpreted time periods to be found in scripture is the time, times and half a time which is mentioned in both Daniel and Revelation.

Daniel 7:25
"And he shall speak great words against the most High, and shall wear out the saints of the most High, and think to change times and laws: and they shall be given into his hand until a time and times and the dividing of time."

Daniel 12:7
"And I heard the man clothed in linen, which was upon the waters of the river, when he held up his right hand and his left hand unto heaven, and swear by him that liveth forever that it shall be for a time, times, and an half; and when he shall have accomplished to scatter the power of the holy people, all these things shall be finished."

Revelation 12:14
"And to the woman were given two wings of a great eagle, that she might fly into the wilderness, into her place, where she is nourished for a time, and times, and half a time, from the face of the serpent."

The word time in this context refers to a period of a year. In the story of King Nebuchadnezzar, because of his pride, he went crazy for seven years and ate grass as an ox.

Daniel 4:32
"And they shall drive thee from men, and thy dwelling shall be with the beasts of the field: they shall make thee to eat grass as oxen, and seven times shall pass over thee, until thou know that the most High ruleth in the kingdom of men, and giveth it to whomsoever he will."

On a literal level, time, times and half a time means time (1 year), times (2 years) and half a time (1/2 year) or 3 1/2 years. Most people who study Bible prophecy stop at this point and accept the 3 1/2 years only at face value. The period that this is generally attributed to by most people, is the last half of the 70th week of Daniel and the reign of the Antichrist, which is then proposed to be fulfilled at some time in the future.

A Day Equals One Year

The 70 week prophecy of Daniel 9:24, however, establishes a principle related to prophetic time that few completely understand. Virtually everyone acknowledges that the 70 weeks are not literally 70 weeks, but rather 70 weeks of years, or 490 years. The principle is that in Bible prophecy, you must substitute a period of a year in place of a day. This is the day=year principle. This equation is clearly established in scripture.

Numbers 14:34
"After the number of the days in which ye searched the land, even forty days, each day for a year, shall ye bear your iniquities, even forty years, and ye shall know my breach of promise."

In this verse, a relationship between day and year is clear, each day will equate to a literal year. For the forty days that Israel spied in Canaan in unbelief, they would be punished by wandering forty years in the desert.

Ezekiel 4:6
"And when thou hast accomplished them, lie again on thy right side, and thou shalt bear the iniquity of the house of Judah forty days: I have appointed thee each day for a year."

Here again, the equation is stated quite clearly, a prophetic day represents a literal year. So to return to the 70 weeks of Daniel, you must first determine the number of days represented. Seventy weeks is 70 x 7 or 490 days, which will then equate to a literal 490 years in the fulfillment of the prophecy.

The Lunar Calendar

Now we can apply this formula to the time, times and half a time. We must first establish just exactly how many days this represents. The Jews did not use a solar calendar as we do today; they used instead a lunar calendar, as indicated in Psalms.

Psalms 104:19
"He appointed the moon for seasons: the sun knoweth his going down."

Note: The length of the lunar month can be determined from Genesis.

Genesis 7:11
"In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, the seventeenth day of the month, the same day were all the fountains of the great deep broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened."

Genesis 7:24
"And the waters prevailed upon the earth an hundred and fifty days."

Genesis 8:4
"And the ark rested in the seventh month, on the seventeenth day of the month, upon the mountains of Ararat."

Note that there were exactly 5 months from the point where the flood began and the ark came to rest on Ararat, and that this was a period of 150 days. This demonstrates that the lunar calendar set forth in the Bible has a 30 day month; therefore the year is counted as 360 days.

Note: This 360 day lunar year also accounts for the reason that there are 360 degrees in the compass.

The 1260 Days

Returning to the time, times and half a time, which we now know represents 3 1/2 lunar years of 360 days each (3.5 x 360=1260). Using the same methodology as is used for the 70 weeks of Daniel we calculate it to actually represent 1260 literal years. So, Time, Times and half a Time in prophecy is really 1260 years! To confirm this formula we need only to look to the 12th chapter of the book of Revelation.

Revelation 12:6
"And the woman fled into the wilderness, where she hath a place prepared of God, that they should feed her there a thousand two hundred and threescore days."

This verse in Revelation 12:6 now makes since and matches exactly what Daniel had written.

A thousand two hundred and threescore days = a time, and times, and half a time

Here the woman represents the faithful church, which flees into the wilderness for 1260 days. Again using the day=year formula, this actually speaks of 1260 years that the church would be persecuted. Now look at this next verse from the same chapter.

Revelation 12:14
"And to the woman were given two wings of a great eagle, that she might fly into the wilderness, into her place, where she is nourished for a time, and times, and half a time, from the face of the serpent."

Here the exact same time of persecution is referred to as 3 1/2 times, again meaning the same period of 1260 days/years as found in verse 6. In the book of Daniel, this exact same period of persecution in church history is also found.

Daniel 7:25
"And he shall speak great words against the most High, and shall wear out the saints of the most High, and think to change times and laws: and they shall be given into his hand until a time and times and the dividing of time."

This verse in context is referring to a period of time that the little horn or Antichrist will persecute the true believers or true church, again for 1260 years. The same is true for this next verse.

Daniel 12:7
"And I heard the man clothed in linen, which was upon the waters of the river, when he held up his right hand and his left hand unto heaven, and swear by him that liveth forever that it shall be for a time, times, and an half; and when he shall have accomplished to scatter the power of the holy people, all these things shall be finished."

Dividing of Time
All of these represent the same time period of 1260 years
# Verse Term
1 Daniel 7:25 A time, times, and the dividing of time
2 Daniel 12:7 A time, times and an half
3 Revelation 11:2 Forty and two months 42 x 30 = 1260
4 Revelation 11:3 Twelve hundred and sixty days
5 Revelation 12:6 Twelve hundred and sixty days
6 Revelation 12:14 A time, and times and half a time
7 Revelation 13:5 Forty and two months

Next Chapter - NUMBERING THE 70 WEEKS OF THE PROPHET DANIEL
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